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Contents of the 2018 China Agricultural and Rural Development Report

Source:MARA Date:2020-05-27
Foreword

Executive Summary

Agricultural Development in 2017     1    

General Situation            3

Crop Production               6

Animal Husbandry              14

Veterinary Services                 19

Fishery              28

Forestry           35

Land Reclamation 3            8

Agricultural Mechanization            40

Crop Seed Industry                   43

Agro-product Prices and Market              49

Agro-product Imports and Exports            55

Agricultural Comprehensive Development             60

Feed Industry                64

Grassland Protection and Construction        67

Protection of Aquatic Life Resources and Aquatic Ecological Restoration        68

Agro-processing   72

Leisure Agriculture and Rural Tourism        75

Crop Disease and Pest Prevention and Control               77

Agricultural Market System Construction              80

Agricultural Informatization            85

Agro-products Quality Safety Management           88

National Modern Agriculture Demonstration Area Construction             89

Agricultural Scientific Research, Generalization and Education              92

Agricultural and Rural Talent Team Building                   100

Agricultural Administrative Capacity Building             103

Agricultural Disasters                     107

Agricultural Resources and Environment Protection                113

Agricultural International Cooperation and Exchange               118

Rural Development in 2017                 123

General Situation                125

Rural Population and Employment            128

Agricultural and Rural Water Conservation Construction              130

Rural Electric Power Development       135

Rural Traffic Construction                          138

Rural Residence Governance                        139

Rural Education                         141

Rural Culture                       143

Rural Health Care                      146

Rural Social Security                     149

Rural Residents’ Income and Consumption                 151

Rural Poverty Alleviation and Development                  153

Agricultural and Rural Policies in 2017          157

Overall Evaluation                 159

Financial Support in Agriculture            161

Deeply Implement Food Crop Production Strategy Based on Farmland Management and Technological Application           165

Promote Rural Green Development            172

Confirmation, Registration and Certification of Rural Land Contracting and Management Rights               175

Lightening Farmers’ Burdens                179

Develop Different Forms of Appropriately Scaled-up Operations           182

Reform of Rural Land Acquisition, Collective Operation Construction Land Entering Market, and Homestead System            187

Construction of Rural Reform Pilot Areas     190

Deepening Reform on Rural Collective Property Rights System         191

Promoting the Development of Farmers’ Cooperatives         194

Cultivating New-type Professional Farmers                200

Deepening Seed Industry System Reform                 201

Agricultural Machinery Subsidy Policy                 206

Rural Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Industry Integrated Development                  208

Deepening Rural Financial Reform                 209

Advancing the Comprehensive Reform on the Agriculture Water Price                 213

Improve the Operation and Control Policies of Important Agro-products                     217

Grass-root Agricultural Technology Promotion System Reform and Construction               218

Forestry Policy                 220

Rural Labor Transfer              223

Rural Entrepreneurship and Innovation               225

Building the Rural Governance System                227

Enhance Agricultural Legal Construction              229

Agricultural and Rural Development and National Economy of 2017                233

Overall Evaluation              235

Agriculture’s Contribution to National Economy                236

Agriculture and National Income Distribution              238

Proportional Relation of Industrial and Agricultural Development                   240

Income Gap between Urban and Rural Residents                   241

Consumption Difference of Urban and Rural Residents               243

Regional Economic Development Disparity                 245

The Agricultural and Rural Development Trend in 2018               249

Development Goals and Tasks                 251

Conditions for Agricultural and Rural Development                 253

Agricultural and Rural Development Trend Judgment                   260

2017 Agricultural and Rural Chronicle of Events                265

Figure

Figure 1 Acreages of Different Crops in 2000 and 2017           4

Figure 2 Total Output of Grain from 2000 to 2017            7

Figure 3 Total Output of Cotton from 2000 to 2017           7

Figure 4 Total Output of Oil-bearing Crops from 2000 to 2017             8

Figure 5 Total Output of Sugar-bearing Crops from 2000 to 2017                8

Figure 6 Total Output of Fruits from 2000 to 2017                  9

Figure 7 Total Output of Meat from 2000 to 2017                       15

Figure 8 Total Output of Aquatic Products from 2000 to 2017              29

Figure 9 Monthly Wholesale Prices of Pork, Silver Carp and Vegetables in 2017           50

Figure 10 Producer Price Indices of Farm Products and Price Indices of Means of Agricultural Production from 2000 to 2017      50

Figure 11 Usage and Price Indices of Chemical Fertilizers from 2000 to 2017             51

Figure 12 Monthly Retail Prices of Urea in 2017             51

Figure 13 Usage and Retail Price Indices of Pesticides from 2000 to 2017                52

Figure 14 Production and Imports of Chemical Fertilizers from 2000 to 2017                52

Figure 15 Urban and Rural Consumer Price Indices from 2000 to 2017                     54

Figure 16 Agro-product Exports in Proportion to National Total from 2000 to 2017            55

Figure 17 Agro-product Imports in Proportion to National Total from 2000 to 2017            56

Figure 18 Imports and Exports of Grain (not including soybeans) from 2000 to 2017          56

Figure 19 Changes in the Number of Enterprises Engaged in Processing Agricultural Products in 2016, 2017           72

Figure 20 Changes in the Profits of Enterprises Engaged in Processing Agricultural Products in 2016, 2017            73

Figure 21 Areas of Disaster-hit Farmland from 2000 to 2017             108

Figure 22 Agricultural Values Added in Proportion to GDP from 2000 to 2017           237

Figure 23 Income of Urban and Rural Residents from 2000 to 2017          239

Figure 24 Average Per Capita Living Expenses of Rural Residents from 2000 to 2017            244

Figure 25 Proportion of Retail Sales of Rural Consumer Goods from 2000 to 2017              244

Figure 26 Average Per Capita Disposable Income of Rural Residents in 2017 (by Provinces, Autonomous Regions and Municipalities)     247

Column

Column 1 Pilot project for the protection and utilization of black soil in Northeast China          12

Column 2 Steady progress in the utilization of livestock and poultry manure       16

Column 3 New achievements in modern dairy development           17

Column 4 Comprehensively strengthen H7N9 flu prevention and control            22

Column 5 Launch 100-day campaign on fighting against illegal actions on meant quality and safety            27

Column 6 Implementing the management system for marine fishery resources              30

Column 7 “Liangjian 2017” series of fishery special enforcement actions              34

Column 8 Big-data information platform construction of national agro-product crops          44

Column 9 Construction of National Southern Research and Breeding Base (Hainan)       48

Column 10 Establishing grain-production functional areas and major agro-product production protection areas      62

Column 11 In-depth implementation of transferring grain-crops to feed-crops in order to promote agricultural restructuring    66

Column 12 Year of Agricultural Brand Promotion      83

Column 13 Construction of National Modern Agricultural Industrial Park        90

Column 14 Pilot Zone on National Agricultural Sustainable Development      92

Column 15 Promoting the Construction of National Agricultural Science and Technology Innovation Alliance           96

Column 16 Construction of Science and Technology Innovation Center of National Modern Agricultural Industry        98

Column 17 Construction of National Agricultural Science and Education Cloud Platform         100

Column 18 Campaign on Organic Fertilizer Replacing Chemical Fertilizer          116

Column 19 Newly added 20 million mu of high-efficiency water-saving irrigation project construction in 2017        132

Column 20 Notice on Printing and Distributing the Requirements for Establishing and Improving the Long-term Mechanism for Powering Rural Wells from National Energy Administration and other Two Departments       137

Column 21 “Thousand Villages Demonstration and Ten Thousand Villages Renovation” project in Zhejiang        140

Column 22 Heze, Shandong comprehensively promotes the trend of changing customs, leading the new style of rural civilization  144

Column 23 Achievements in the construction of rural medical care system since the 18th National Congress of the CPC   148

Column 24 Vigorously promote agricultural production custody             177

Column 25 Rapid development of family farms             185

Column 26 Revision of the Law on Farmers’ Specialized Cooperatives            197

Column 27 National Rural Entrepreneurship and Innovation Park     226

Appendix        275

Table 1 Status of Rural Economy in National Economy    276

Table 2 Output Values of Crop Plantation, Forestry, Husbandry and Fishery (in current-year prices)       277

Table 3 Material Conditions for Agricultural Production     278

Table 4 Crop Acreage     279

Table 5 Natural Disasters, Waterlogging Control and Solodization      280

Table 6 Output of Major Farm Produce       281

Table 7 Livestock, Poultry and Aquatic Farming        282

Table 8 Major Economic Indicators of Agricultural Products Processing Industry (Unit: 100 million yuan)    283

Table 9 Supply, Demand and Prices of Rice          284

Table 10 Supply, Demand and Prices of Wheat           285

Table 11 Supply, Demand and Prices of Corn           286

Table 12 Supply, Demand and Prices of Soybeans         287

Table 13 Output, Imports and Exports of Grain and Edible Vegetable Oil             288

Table 14 Output, Import and Export of Cotton and Sugar               289

Table 15 Production, Consumption, Import and Export of Pork               290

Table 16 Production, Imports and Prices of Chemical Fertilizers and Pesticides               291

Table 17 Per Capita Income of Urban and Rural Residents            292

Table 18 Per Capita Spending of Urban and Rural Residents            293

Table 19 Price Indices              294

Table 20 Producer Price Indices of Farm Products               295

Table 21 Classified Retail Price Indices in Urban and Rural Areas              296

Table 22 Wholesale Prices of “Vegetable Basket” Products                 297

Table 23 State Revenue and Expenditure              298

Postscript       299

Note: The above information is sourced from the 2018 China Agricultural and Rural Development Report. To learn more please contact: +86 10 59194918.

 

Relevant Annexes:
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